A career in archaeology starts with a Bachelor of Arts (BA) in archaeology. Some universities offer programs specifically in archaeology, while others include archaeology within an anthropology program. A list of Ontario universities with archaeology programs is available here.
More and more Ontario archaeologists also have a graduate degree (Master of Arts; MA). This is because Ontario has a licensing system, managed by the Ontario Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport (MTCS). A BA is required for an Applied Research Licence which allows you to act as a Field Director, but an MA is a requirement for the next level up: the Professional Licence.
The MTCS provides another option for a career in archaeology without the education requirements via the Avocational Licence. A holder of this licence is expected to be mentored by a licenced archaeologist and learn on the job, and, after five years, can then apply for the Applied Research Licence. Remember, however, that a Professional Licence applicant much have a graduate degree to qualify.
The specific requirements and benefits of each type of licence can be found here.
Inquiries about educational qualifications for licences should be directed to the MTCS:
Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport
Archaeology Programs Unit
Public Archaeology Digs are types of digs are designed to take volunteers. Keeps you eyes open; these opportunities will be posted on the OAS website and/or Facebook page.
Museums may also take volunteers to help with collections.
Join your local OAS chapter
Your local OAS chapter is a great place to learn of opportunities spread by word of mouth and get involved in the local archaeology community; however, remember that just becoming a member does not count as experience.